FUnctionality Sharing In Open eNvironments
Heinz Nixdorf Chair for Distributed Information Systems

Ontology Modularization with OAPT

Title: Ontology Modularization with OAPT
Authors: Alsayed Algergawy · Samira Babalou · Friederike Klan · Birgitta König-Ries
Source: Journal on Data Semantics
Date: 2020-10-01
Type: Journal Paper

Ontologies are the backbone of the Semantic Web. As a result, the number of existing ontologies and the number of topics covered by them has increased considerably. With this, reusing these ontologies becomes preferable to constructing new ontologies from scratch. However, a user might be interested in a part and/or a set of parts of a given ontology, only. Therefore, ontology modularization, i.e. splitting up an ontology into smaller parts that can be independently used, becomes a necessity. In this paper, we introduce a new approach to partition ontology based on the seeding-based scheme, which is developed and implemented through the Ontology Analysis and Partitioning Tool (OAPT ). This tool proceeds according to the following methodology: first, before a candidate ontology is partitioned, OAPT optionally analyzes the input ontology to determine, if this ontology is worth considering using a predefined set of criteria that quantify the semantic and structural richness of the ontology. After that we apply the seeding-based partitioning algorithm to modularize it into a set of modules. To decide upon a suitable number of modules that will be generated by partitioning the ontology, we provide the user a recommendation based on an information theoretic model selection method. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the OAPT tool and validate the performance of the partitioning approach by conducting an extensive set of experiments. The results prove the quality and the efficiency of the proposed tool.